Mord mit Sturmgewehr schockiert Japan. Ein japanischer Yakuza-Führer wird in einem Bandenkrieg niedergemäht. Es ist ein rarer Fall in einem. Die Welt der Yakuza in Japan. Die Ehre geht über alles. Wer dagegen verstößt, schneidet sich schon mal einen Finger ab. Im Kinofilm "Brother". HERBERT, Yakuza im Wandel, 18, 26, 28, 30, 32; DERS., Japan nach Sonnenuntergang, ; KAWAMURA, Gesellschaftliche Bedingungen organisierter. <
Wir haben Japans berüchtigte Yakuza-Mafia getroffenDie Welt der Yakuza in Japan. Die Ehre geht über alles. Wer dagegen verstößt, schneidet sich schon mal einen Finger ab. Im Kinofilm "Brother". Japan-Experte Tetsu Tanimura beschreibt die Entstehung und die aktuelle Lage der Yakuza in Japan. Mord mit Sturmgewehr schockiert Japan. Ein japanischer Yakuza-Führer wird in einem Bandenkrieg niedergemäht. Es ist ein rarer Fall in einem.
Japan Yakuza Navigation menu VideoConfessions of Ex-Yakuza Leader [ENG CC]
Fluss Mit D Am Anfang wird in der Regel ein HГchstbetrag festgesetzt. - Wer regiert Japans Unterwelt?Kino, Fernsehen, Streaming. Inside The Yakuza, The Year-Old Japanese Criminal Syndicate The Yakuza aren't just the "Japanese Mafia." They're something entirely different — an organization tied to years of Japanese history. Kan Phongjaroenwit/Flickr Three members of the Yakuza show off their full-body tattoos in Tokyo. Formerly called “暴力団” (bōryokudan: violence groups), the Yakuza are well known as tough, tattooed, gangsters affiliated with an organized group dabbling in criminal activities (extortion, gambling, drugs, prostitution, you name it!) both inside and outside Japan. The yakuza originated during the Tokugawa Shogunate ( - ) with two separate groups of outcasts. The first of those groups were the tekiya, wandering peddlers who traveled from village to village, selling low-quality goods at festivals and markets. In recent years, foreign reporters in Tokyo have written about the decline of Japanese organized crime – the yakuza – owing to the passage of new anti-yakuza regulations. They’ve predicted the eventual fading away of the country’s unique criminal subculture. In Japan and elsewhere, especially in the West, the term yakuza can be used to refer to individual gangsters or criminals as well as to their organized groups and to Japanese organized crime in general. Yakuza adopt samurai -like rituals and often bear elaborate body tattoos.
Ironically, turning to crime had given the Burakumin their first taste of respect. By Mark Oliver. The Yakuza aren't just the "Japanese Mafia.
Share Tweet Email. Report a bad ad experience. Mark Oliver. Touching upon the game's name, Nagoshi revealed that it was his concoction.
The series is known for its expanding video game tie-in and product placement. An example of this is the Don Quijote discount store, whose in-game stores are based on the stores in the equivalent real-life districts.
This strategy allows to support the game's costly production and at the same time gives a realistic aspect to the environments which are based on real locations in Tokyo, Osaka and Naha.
There were no problems in doing this due to a member from the team who was originally from the film industry who worked with Toei Company on V-cinema.
Suntory wanted to sell whiskey, and they felt the game's demographic and the whiskey-drinking demographic would mesh nicely. The game's original voice actors are Japanese celebrities which can be voice actors, singers, tarento , film or TV series actors, radio or television celebrities.
Cabaret girls and alike characters have featured models, gravure idols and adult actresses as voice actresses and likenesses. As in the Virtua Fighter series , Western main and minor characters do not speak in Japanese, but rather in English.
Minor Chinese and Korean characters also often speak their native tongues. However, due to criticism of the English voice acting, each subsequent Western release through Yakuza 6 retained the original Japanese voice acting.
Later spinoff titles such as Fist of the North Star: Lost Paradise and Judgment have featured dual language voiceover support.
When the series was internationalized and localized to fit the Western market several changes occurred. Yakuza 4 adjusted several of these localisation changes, following criticism of the previous games, and in particular the content excised from the Western release of Yakuza 3.
Producer Noguchi noted that there was an attempt to "bring a more complete localization that was more faithful to the source material".
This included reversing several name changes. In addition, some conventions were changed; in previous Western localisations, protagonist Kazuma Kiryu had been referred to primarily by his first name.
In Yakuza 4 , he is referred to primarily by his family name, Kiryu, which more closely reflects the original dialogue. The Yakuza franchise includes various types of merchandise and adaptations outside of the video games.
This includes a direct-to-video movie, a feature film, original soundtracks, official guides, Kamutai Magazines pre-order campaign limited book and other licensed products such as Cropped Heads long tee shirts and parkas based on main characters tattoos,  limited edition PlayStation 3 console packs,   Kubrick toys  and action figures manufactured by Maitan.
This color book was a monography dedicated to the game with Mai , a sub-scenario female character, as the cover girl. This character's physical aspect was inspired by its voice actor, Mihiro , a Japanese adult video idol acting in porno films.
Each new game release coincides with a new Kamutai Magazine issue featuring a voice actress as cover girl.
The fifth issue was bundled with Ryu Ga Gotoku 4 and released in March Takeshi Miyasaka directed an original video during the promotion period for the western release of the game which depicted Kazuma, Nishiki and Yumi growing up at the Sunflower Orphanage and leaving for Tokyo.
Main contents are audition and girls profile, but it can also be related to other aspect of the game series; for example volume 15 focuses on its soundtrack artists.
All shows, called "volumes", are archived within the web TV's official website. The original game was heavily acclaimed in Japan for combining innovative gameplay with cinema-like storytelling and character development on the back of Japan's criminal underground.
In addition, amusement found in every portion of the game including the vast number of sub-stories and mini games.
This work was awarded the prize for the high quality of entertainment". Yakuza 4 won due to "a rich story with a high degree of freedom that is developed from the different perspectives of the 4 characters.
They also retain rituals used by the earlier groups as part of their initiation ceremonies. Since the end of World War II , yakuza gangs have rebounded in popularity after a lull during the war.
The Japanese government estimated in that there were more than , yakuza members working in Japan and abroad, in 2, different families. Despite the official end of discrimination against burakumin in , more than years later, many gang members are descendants of that outcast class.
Others are ethnic Koreans, who also face considerable discrimination in Japanese society. Traces of the gangs' origins can be seen in the signature aspects of yakuza culture today.
For example, many yakuza sport full-body tattoos which are made with traditional bamboo or steel needles, rather than modern tattooing guns. The tattooed area may even include the genitals, an incredibly painful tradition.
What efforts are officials making? The law is what society trusts, it is the legal standard. The yakuza have found a way to be so public and so dense, that the government had to think of and are still thinking of solutions to break them up.
Yakuza groups pose an enormous threat to civil affairs and corporate transactions. They bring in their illegitimate practices to the corporate sphere.
Adelstein states that he thinks what happened in Japan, when the government introduced the initiative to get hard on antimob legislation in , is that the initial crackdowns failed 66 1 , The legislation simply encouraged the yakuza to go underground.
This forced them to set up front companies that hide their activities rather than simply work out in the open. Their collection of protection money, doing small-scale loan-sharking, or running gambling dens, was now more discrete.
The yakuza kept their presence in society, they just created ways to hide their activities not themselves.
The weak laws Japan put in place rather than dismantling the yakuza, simply pushed them into new business arenas. An attempt at takedown was the law of Organized Crime Countermeasures Act, which made it legal for victims of yakuza crime to sue senior bosses for the crimes of a subordination.
Two head bosses Shinobu and Tadamasa were tried for murder under this law. The bosses ended up paying the family of the deceased and continued to carry out their actions.
More than 20, cases in which violent interventions in civil disputes were attributed to organized crime members Tonry, M. The new laws on crime involve police raids on some offices of major yakuza organizations.
An estimate of an overall yearly income of 7 trillion yen is provided by American economists. New ruling also implies that the yakuza can no longer operate, even in a semiofficial fashion, in a way that is displaying their symbol outside of local offices.
They also cannot use bank accounts for illegitimate enterprises. Fines have been given for businesses that choose to willingly associate with yakuza.
These steps may be working to a degree, being that membership has been falling in the yakuza. There is currently a 50 year low in membership, and there has been a decrease in full time members, and an increase in half time members.
An estimate of an overall yearly income of 7 trillion yen is provided by American economists Adelstein, Jake Yakuza exclusion ordinances are local laws that aim to diminish the citizen to yakuza relationship, rather than the police vs the yakuza relationship.
Citizens are prohibited from making relations with the yakuza. It is noted that the set punishments remain somewhat unclear, even for the authorities.
There has been some suggestion that these ordinances violate freedom of expression Global vice: The expanding territory of the yakuza: An interview with Jake Adelstein 66 1 , In , during a crackdown on crime, one branch of the yakuza created a page exam for its members.
This was a tactical and strategic attempt to keep their members from getting in trouble with the law. This branch of yakuza decided this would be effective by showing the government that they were aware of the law, and working through legal channels.
As the yakuza continue to evolve in these modern times, they take on more sophisticated crimes such as massive stock manipulation and complicated fraud schemes.
The Japanese police are going to struggle to keep up. Police used to go have tea at the yakuza offices, chit-chat, and exchange information. There was an exchange of knowledge between the two sides but now with the underground world having to be more creative with their crimes, that relationship has a short lifespan.
The yakuza with their public face continue to play a significant role in Japanese legal spheres of society. They affect politics, daily civil life, the law, and policing.
Even the bosses of the yakuza are viewed as celebrities amongst society. Bosses sometimes grant interviews to publications and television, something the American Italian Mafia would never do.
Politicians have been seen having dinner with assumed yakuza leaders. Politicians are suppose to defend the law, and yet they meet with the yakuza.
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External Websites. At their height, the yakuza maintained a large presence in the Japanese media and operated internationally.
At their peak in the early s, police estimated that the yakuza had a membership of more than , The name yakuza originates from the traditional Japanese card game Oicho-Kabu , a game in which the goal is to draw three cards adding up to a score of 9.
If the sum of the cards exceeds 10, its second digit is used as the score instead, and if the sum is exactly 10, the score is 0. If the three cards drawn are pronounced ya-ku-sa in Japanese , the sum is 20 and therefore the score is zero, making it the worst possible hand that can be drawn.
Despite uncertainty about the single origin of yakuza organizations, most modern yakuza derive from two social classifications which emerged in the mid- Edo period — : tekiya , those who primarily peddled illicit, stolen, or shoddy goods; and bakuto , those who were involved in or participated in gambling.
Tekiya peddlers ranked as one of the lowest social groups during the Edo period. As they began to form organizations of their own, they took over some administrative duties relating to commerce, such as stall allocation and protection of their commercial activities.
Each peddler paid rent in exchange for a stall assignment and protection during the fair. The tekiya were a highly structured and hierarchical group with the oyabun boss at the top and kobun gang members at the bottom.
At this time, within the tekiya the oyabun were appointed as supervisors and granted near- samurai status, meaning they were allowed the dignity of a surname and two swords.
Bakuto gamblers had a much lower social standing even than traders, as gambling was illegal. Many small gambling houses cropped up in abandoned temples or shrines at the edges of towns and villages all over Japan.
Most of these gambling houses ran loan-sharking businesses for clients, and they usually maintained their own security personnel. Society at large regarded the gambling houses themselves, as well as the bakuto , with disdain.
Much of the undesirable image of the Yakuza originates from bakuto ; this includes the name Yakuza itself. Because of the economic situation during the mid-Edo period and the predominance of the merchant class, developing Yakuza groups were composed of misfits and delinquents who had joined or formed Yakuza groups to extort customers in local markets by selling fake or shoddy goods.
Shimizu Jirocho — is Japan's most famous yakuza and folk hero. The roots of the Yakuza survive today in initiation ceremonies , which incorporate tekiya or bakuto rituals.
Although the modern Yakuza has diversified, some gangs still identify with one group or the other; for example, a gang whose primary source of income is illegal gambling may refer to themselves as bakuto.
Throughout history, especially since the modern era, Kyushu island has been the largest source of yakuza members, including many renowned bosses in the Yamaguchi-gumi.
Isokichi Yoshida — from the Kitakyushu area was considered [ by whom? Recently Shinobu Tsukasa and Kunio Inoue, the bosses of the two most powerful clans in the Yamaguchi-gumi, originate from Kyushu.
Fukuoka , the northernmost part of the island, has the largest number of designated syndicates among all of the prefectures. The oyabun-kobun relationship is formalized by ceremonial sharing of sake from a single cup.
This ritual is not exclusive to the Yakuza—it is also commonly performed in traditional Japanese Shinto weddings, and may have been a part of sworn brotherhood relationships.
However, after the war, the Yakuza adapted again. Prospective Yakuza come from all walks of life. The most romantic tales tell how Yakuza accept sons who have been abandoned or exiled by their parents.
Perhaps because of its lower socio-economic status, numerous Yakuza members come from Burakumin and ethnic Korean backgrounds.
Members of Yakuza gangs cut their family ties and transfer their loyalty to the gang boss. They refer to each other as family members - fathers and elder and younger brothers.
When the 3rd Yamaguchi-gumi boss Kazuo Taoka died in the early s, his wife Fumiko took over as boss of Yamaguchi-gumi, albeit for a short time.
Yakuza have a complex organizational structure. There is an overall boss of the syndicate, the kumicho , and directly beneath him are the saiko komon senior advisor and so-honbucho headquarters chief.
The second in the chain of command is the wakagashira , who governs several gangs in a region with the help of a fuku-honbucho who is himself responsible for several gangs.
The regional gangs themselves are governed by their local boss, the shateigashira. Each member's connection is ranked by the hierarchy of sakazuki sake sharing.
They have their own underlings, including other underbosses , advisors, accountants and enforcers. Those who have received sake from oyabun are part of the immediate family and ranked in terms of elder or younger brothers.
However, each kobun, in turn, can offer sakazuki as oyabun to his underling to form an affiliated organisation, which might in turn form lower ranked organizations.9/5/ · “Japan’s ageing population is a factor, of course, but the yakuza scene is no longer an attractive proposition for young men,” Tomohiko Suzuki, an author and expert on the yakuza, told the. Yakuza Exam To join the Yamaguchi-gumi, which is the largest Yakuza organisation in Japan, members have to sit a page exam. The Yamaguchi-gumi created the exam after the government passed harsher laws to crackdown on organized crime. Yakuza is the most well known gang in Japan, but there are also youth groupings, and the Bosokozu, usually identifiable by their motorcycles or customized cars (Kersten, J. (3), ). Surprisingly many people in society don't mind the presence of yakuza, because of their charitable work. Yakuza, auch als Gokudō von offiziellen Stellen Bōryokudan genannt, Eigenbezeichnung Ninkyō Dantai ist der Oberbegriff für japanische kriminelle Organisationen, deren Geschichte einige Jahrhunderte zurückreicht. Seit ist in Japan das sichtbare Bekenntnis zu einem kumi strafbar, was die modernen Yakuza in einigen Teilen des Landes immer mehr zur Arbeit im. Die Yakuza war einst die mächtigste Verbrecherorganisation in Japan. Aber diese Zeiten sind lange vorbei. Die Yakuza, eine kriminelle. Über die Frauen der Yakuza ist wenig bekannt. Eine aktive Rolle spielen sie in der japanischen Mafia-Organisation nicht, ihre grossflächigen.